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Facts about Rwanda
|Administrative divisions:||4 provinces (in French - provinces , singular - province; in Kinyarwanda - intara for singular and plural) and 1 city* (in French - ville; in Kinyarwanda - umujyi); Est (Eastern) , Kigali* , Nord (Northern) , Ouest (Western) , Sud (Southern)|
|Area:||total: 26 ,338 sq km land: 24 ,948 sq km water: 1 ,390 sq km|
|Background:||In 1959 , three years before independence from Belgium , the majority ethnic group , the Hutus , overthrew the ruling Tutsi king. Over the next several years , thousands of Tutsis were killed , and some 150 ,000 driven into exile in neighboring countries. The children of these exiles later formed a rebel group , the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) , and began a civil war in 1990. The war , along with several political and economic upheavals , exacerbated ethnic tensions , culminating in April 1994 in the genocide of roughly 800 ,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus. The Tutsi rebels defeated the Hutu regime and ended the killing in July 1994 , but approximately 2 million Hutu refugees - many fearing Tutsi retribution - fled to neighboring Burundi , Tanzania , Uganda , and Zaire. Since then , most of the refugees have returned to Rwanda , but several thousand remained in the neighboring Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC; the former Zaire) and formed an extremist insurgency bent on retaking Rwanda , much as the RPF tried in 1990. Despite substantial international assistance and political reforms - including Rwanda's first local elections in March 1999 and its first post-genocide presidential and legislative elections in August and September 2003 - the country continues to struggle to boost investment and agricultural output , and ethnic reconciliation is complicated by the real and perceived Tutsi political dominance. Kigali's increasing centralization and intolerance of dissent , the nagging Hutu extremist insurgency across the border , and Rwandan involvement in two wars in recent years in the neighboring DRC continue to hinder Rwanda's efforts to escape its bloody legacy.|
|Flag description:||three horizontal bands of sky blue (top , double width) , yellow , and green , with a golden sun with 24 rays near the fly end of the blue band|
|Capital:||name: Kigali geographic coordinates: 1 57 S , 30 04 E time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington , DC during Standard Time)|
|Climate:||temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April , November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible|
|Ethnic groups:||Hutu (Bantu) 84% , Tutsi (Hamitic) 15% , Twa (Pygmy) 1%|
|Geographic coordinates:||2 00 S , 30 00 E|
|Geography note:||landlocked; most of the country is savanna grassland with the population predominantly rural|
|Government type:||republic; presidential , multiparty system|
|Imports partners:||Kenya 19.5% , Uganda 6.8% , Germany 6.1% , Belgium 5.9% , China 5% (2007)|
|Internet country code:||.rw|
|Land boundaries:||0 km (landlocked)|
|Neighbouring countries:||total: 893 km border countries: Burundi 290 km , Democratic Republic of the Congo 217 km , Tanzania 217 km , Uganda 169 km|
|Languages:||Kinyarwanda (official) universal Bantu vernacular , French (official) , English (official) , Kiswahili (Swahili) used in commercial centers|
|Location:||Central Africa , east of Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|National holiday:||Independence Day , 1 July (1962)|
|Nationality:||noun: Rwandan(s) adjective: Rwandan|
|Natural hazards:||periodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga mountains are in the northwest along the border with Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|Population:||10 ,186 ,063 note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy , higher infant mortality , higher death rates , lower population growth rates , and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2008 est.)|
|Religions:||Roman Catholic 56.5% , Protestant 26% , Adventist 11.1% , Muslim 4.6% , indigenous beliefs 0.1% , none 1.7% (2001)|
|Terrain:||mostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east|
Capital of Republic of Rwanda
Kigali (click to view Kigali map)
Places in Rwanda
Browse the most comprehensive and up-to-date online directory of administrative regions and Street views in Rwanda. Regions are sorted in alphabetical order from level 1 to level 2 and eventually up to level 3 regions.
Préfecture de Byumba (154 google map locations)
Préfecture de Cyangugu (100 google map locations)
Préfecture de Gikongoro (41 google map locations)
Préfecture de Gisenyi (104 google map locations)
Random cities in RwandaKigali, the capital city of Rwanda.
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