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Facts about Saint Helena

Administrative divisions: 1 administrative area and 2 dependencies*; Ascension* , Saint Helena , Tristan da Cunha*
Area: total: 413 sq km land: Saint Helena Island 122 sq km; Ascension Island 90 sq km; Tristan da Cunha island group 201 sq km water: 0 sq km
Background: Saint Helena is a British Overseas Territory consisting of Saint Helena and Ascension Islands , and the island group of Tristan da Cunha. Saint Helena: Uninhabited when first discovered by the Portuguese in 1502 , Saint Helena was garrisoned by the British during the 17th century. It acquired fame as the place of Napoleon BONAPARTE's exile , from 1815 until his death in 1821 , but its importance as a port of call declined after the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869. During the Anglo-Boer War in South Africa , several thousand Boer prisoners were confined on the island between 1900 and 1903. Ascension Island: This barren and uninhabited island was discovered and named by the Portuguese in 1503. The British garrisoned the island in 1815 to prevent a rescue of Napoleon from Saint Helena and it served as a provisioning station for the Royal Navy's West Africa Squadron on anti-slavery patrol. The island remained under Admiralty control until 1922 , when it became a dependency of Saint Helena. During World War II , the UK permitted the US to construct an airfield on Ascension in support of trans-Atlantic flights to Africa and anti-submarine operations in the South Atlantic. In the 1960s the island became an important space tracking station for the US. In 1982 , Ascension was an essential staging area for British forces during the Falklands War , and it remains a critical refueling point in the air-bridge from the UK to the South Atlantic. Tristan da Cunha: The island group consists of the islands of Tristan da Cunha , Nightingale , Inaccessible , and Gough. Tristan da Cunha is named after its Portuguese discoverer (1506); it was garrisoned by the British in 1816 to prevent any attempt to rescue Napoleon from Saint Helena. Gough and Inaccessible Islands have been designated World Heritage Sites. South Africa leases a site for a meteorological station on Gough Island.
Flag description: blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Saint Helenian shield centered on the outer half of the flag; the shield features a rocky coastline and three-masted sailing ship
Capital: name: Jamestown geographic coordinates: 15 56 S , 5 44 W time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington , DC during Standard Time)
Climate: Saint Helena: tropical marine; mild , tempered by trade winds Ascension Island: tropical marine; mild , semi-arid Tristan da Cunha: temperate marine; mild , tempered by trade winds (tends to be cooler than Saint Helena)
Currency code:
Ethnic groups: African descent 50% , white 25% , Chinese 25%
Geographic coordinates: Saint Helena: 15 57 S , 5 42 W Ascension Island: 7 57 S , 14 22 W Tristan da Cunha island group: 37 15 S , 12 30 W
Geography note: Saint Helena harbors at least 40 species of plants unknown anywhere else in the world; Ascension is a breeding ground for sea turtles and sooty terns; Queen Mary's Peak on Tristan da Cunha is the highest island mountain in the South Atlantic and a prominent landmark on the sea lanes around southern Africa
Government type: NA
Imports partners: UK 53.5% , South Africa 14.3% , Spain 10.3% , Tanzania 8.5% , US 4.6% (2006)
Internet country code: .sh; note - Ascension Island assigned .ac
Land boundaries: Saint Helena: 60 km Ascension Island: NA Tristan da Cunha: 40 km
Neighbouring countries: 0 km
Languages: English
Location: islands in the South Atlantic Ocean , about midway between South America and Africa; Ascension Island lies 700 nm northwest of Saint Helena; Tristan da Cunha lies 2300 nm southwest of Saint Helena
Map references: Africa
National holiday: Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II , second Saturday in June (1926)
Nationality: noun: Saint Helenian(s) adjective: Saint Helenian note: referred to locally as "Saints"
Natural hazards: active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha , last eruption in 1961
Population: 7 ,601 note: only Saint Helena , Ascension , and Tristan da Cunha islands are inhabited (July 2008 est.)
Religions: Anglican (majority) , Baptist , Seventh-Day Adventist , Roman Catholic
Terrain: the islands of this group result from volcanic activity associated with the Atlantic Mid-Ocean Ridge Saint Helena: rugged , volcanic; small scattered plateaus and plains Ascension: surface covered by lava flows and cinder cones of 44 dormant volcanoes; ground rises to the east Tristan da Cunha: sheer cliffs line the coastline of the nearly circular island; the flanks of the central volcanic peak are deeply dissected; narrow coastal plain lies between The Peak and the coastal cliffs
Unemployment rate: 14% (1998 est.)

Capital of Saint Helena

Jamestown (click to view Jamestown map)

Places in Saint Helena

Browse the most comprehensive and up-to-date online directory of administrative regions and Street views in Saint Helena. Regions are sorted in alphabetical order from level 1 to level 2 and eventually up to level 3 regions.

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Jamestown, the capital city of Saint Helena.

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